Why Use Python for Developing Your Product’s Backend ?
Making decisions for a technical project can sometimes be mind-numbing. With the broad range of programming languages, frameworks, APIs, and libraries available, decision makers can easily become intimidated by the number of static and dynamic options to choose from. The requirements related to programming languages are explicit to each project. However, there are a few comprehensive steps for choosing the best from these options.
While picking a programming language for a project, there are certain factors you need to keep in mind –
- The ease of learning the language
- Its cross-platform ability
- The tools available for the programming language
- Number of people working with the language
- Your team’s acquaintance with the programming language
- Security and general access provided by the programming language.
An Introduction to Python
Python is an object-oriented, high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. Python is simple and has easy to learn syntaxes which focus on readability thereby reducing the cost of program maintenance. It supports packages and modules thereby encouraging program modularity and code reuse. The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are available free of cost in source or binary form, for all major platforms, and can be freely distributed.
Key features of Python
Python is among the most popular programming languages along with Java, C, and C++. TIOBE Index for January 2019 places Python at the third position after Java and C. In fact, it won the title “programming language of the year” after gaining most ranking points in 2018 in comparison to all other languages. It is widely used and valued equally among startups, blue-chip companies like Quora, Netflix, Google, etc., and government organizations like NASA.
Some of its key features include the following –
Clean and easy to read
Python uses spacing as an alternative to braces and other special characters to signify beginnings and ends of programming constructs. Due to this, it offers readability as a built-in feature. The use of spaces makes it really easy to update a project in Python. Programmers can simply look at its code and make necessary changes, even if they’ve never seen it before.
Offers numerous standard features
Python offers numerous features by default, with standard libraries that cover almost any programming task. From scientific calculations to image processing, operating system interfaces, and protocols, Python saves developers’ time and effort by offering them with solutions they would otherwise have to build manually.
Offers a range of frameworks
Despite the popularity and features of Python, it does have its limitations. They are, nevertheless, mostly made up for with the wide range of Python frameworks and development environments. Django and Flask are two of the most popular Python web frameworks. Apart from these, there are many other tools you can implement to speed up development and boost the quality of products built with Python.
Facilitates creation of prototypes
Prototypes are essential for testing the viability of an idea. Python allows you to build prototypes with a minimal investment of time and money. This is a suitable option for startups as this provides the ability to present investors with a functioning prototype in no time, and increases the odds of receiving funding for a full-sized product. For established firms, quick prototyping helps to try out new business ideas and ensure they work before putting in a lot of resources.
Increases speed to market
Just like Python works well for prototypes, it also works wonders for products that you want to get to market as soon as possible. For both, reputable businesses and startups, this means a faster return on investment (ROI) and a chance to modify the product based on feedback and reviews from real users.
Why Python is recommended for Backend Development?
When it comes to backend development, Python is among the most popular choices that businesses, as well as developers, make. In the recent past, an increasing number of people have switched to Python. After its implementation for product platforms by some of the leading names like Instagram, YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, Facebook, Reddit, Netflix, Google, and Spotify, Python has become the new favorite.
Here are some reasons why Python is the preferred language for server-side development today –
Well Thought-out Design
Python makes it extremely easy for developers to write great code. Python has the architecture that helps make it a well-thought-out, well-designed and robust language. For a developer who is trained classically, Python gets a lot of things right in terms of being a robust programming language, and also one that’s easier to grasp and use. This has much to do with the way in which reflection is implemented and functions are treated as first-class objects.
Small Learning Curve
It’s extremely easy to work with Python. For developers, this language helps create the maximum value in the long term. It is a language that they can form a deep, rich, and long-lasting relationship with. Python uses are simpler which owes to its growing popularity as the programming language for backend development. Also, the sheer number of tutorials available online aids the learning process greatly.
Frameworks make developers’ lives easier by offering them a structure for application development. Among all of Python’s frameworks, Django is the clear winner. It is extremely easy to use, safe, and fast. It is very stable and robust and renders itself usable for a number of applications. Most new developers prefer using Django, particularly for its shorter development time and ease of setup.
Python is a versatile programming language, almost infinitely. Python website development is not the only one use case developers are looking into. Machine learning, Data science, NLP, image processing, and desktop and mobile application development, are other Python use cases that are being taken note of.
Vast Support and Community
With advancement in time, Python has come to be perceived as a powerful language due to its versatility, modernity, simplicity, elegance, and ease of use. Since Python has such vast use cases like development, scientific application, scripting, and so forth, a huge community has come to develop around it. So, developers can expect immense support, needless to say. With time, this community is expected to only grow further.
On a Final Note
With its growing popularity and robustness, Python is a must-have in any programmer’s repertoire. It’s clean, consistent, and follows principles that not only make it a pleasure to learn and use, but also makes transitioning to other languages much faster. And Python’s huge library and active community of users make the language resourceful and guarantee that Python is the back-end programming language of the future.